U.S. Disaster Programs Overview

The U.S. Department of Agriculture offers several permanently authorized programs to help farmers recover financially from a natural disaster, including Federal Crop Insurance, the Noninsured Crop Disaster Assistance Program (NAP), Emergency Disaster Loans, Emergency Livestock and Fisheries Assistance, and Biomass Crop Assistance, most of which are contingent upon issuance of a USDA Emergency Disaster Declaration. The federal crop insurance program is designed to protect crop producers from unavoidable risks associated with adverse weather, and weather-related plant diseases and insect infestations. Click on links below to see USDA fact sheets about each program.

Payment Eligibility and Adjusted Gross Income: Important Things to Know

The 2014 Farm Bill required the implementation of an average adjusted gross income (AGI) limitation of $900,000 for payment eligibility for the 2014 through 2018 programs years.  If a person's or legal entity's average AGI for the three taxable years preceding the most immediately preceding complete taxable year for which payments or benefits are requested exceeds this limitation, then the person or legal entity is not eligible for the applicable program payment or benefit. 

USDA Noninsured Crop Disaster Assistance Program

USDA's Farm Service Agency's Noninsured Crop Disaster Assistance Program (NAP) provides financial assistance to producers of noninsurable crops when low yields, loss of inventory or prevented planting occur due to natural disasters.